By Sheldon Anderson
In a chilly battle within the Soviet Bloc, Sheldon Anderson makes use of lately declassified files from Polish and East German communist get together and international ministry documents to ascertain the interaction of nationwide pursuits with the exigencies of communist occasion family members in the Soviet bloc through the chilly struggle. Anderson explores how Polish-East German family members have been strained over the permanence of the Oder-Neisse border, the right kind highway to socialism, German repatriation from Poland, and alternate coverage; he offers an within account of the heated debates that heavily divided the Polish and East German communists.Anderson delves into how and why the rift culminated within the go back of the anti-Stalinist Wladyslaw Gomulka in October 1956, and he delineates how the Polish-East German clash undermined the team spirit of the Soviet bloc on its such a lot strategic flank. In doing so, he unearths the endurance of nationalism and ethnic prejudice within the former communist nations. during this well timed textual content, Anderson pinpoints how nationalism has reemerged as a strong political strength following the top of the chilly conflict. With a chilly conflict within the Soviet Bloc, Anderson markedly fills the distance within the present scholarship on postwar family members among the nations of East Europe.
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Extra info for A Cold War in the Soviet Bloc: Polish-East German Relations, 1945-1962
Some 5,000 Polish cornmm~istswere executedVostwar Foreip Mlnistry offjcial Marian Naszkowski fater remembered his shock at hearing the news of the KPP's demise: A party that had done so much to awaken the revolutionary spirit of the masxs, a party that had Led mighty working-class brigades to war with capitalism, with fascism, could not be a fraud. . Shaken to the depths of our souls, accepting, with pain, with bitterness, the "truth' about our leaders" 12 'There A re No Guc7cl G e r mns '" treachery, not for a moment did we doubt our idea or the rightness of our movement, our party.
Interests against Germmy%Havlng lived through the bmtd fjve-year German occupation, GomuZka had tittle sympathy for Grtrman political parties. He did not see an old ally in the KPD; he saw instead a party that had embraced Luxemburg's internationalism, obsequiously sanctioned Stalin's liquidation af the KPP, and approved of the partition of Poland in 1939. 29 Gornulka told. """l The I"oZish gove ent mnounced that it would base its foreip relations with any country, c o m u n i s t or not, first on that country's p&y toward Germany.
Legitirnacy gave the Poles pause about the party" aabjlity to elixninatc the German peopte" opposition to the Oder-Neisse border, let alone their negative attitudes toward Poles. ~O Both parties now pllblicly proclaimed the dawning of a n w era in Polish-German relations. " Cyrankiwicz praised the efforts of the SED leadership to combat social democratic, reformist, and other un-Marxist ideas h the pasty, and lauded the SEUs campaign to convince the masses of the need for good relations with Poiand.