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This examine provides a basic historical past of ways journalism as an rising career grew to become the world over equipped during the last 100 and two decades, obvious more often than not in the course of the institutions based to advertise the pursuits of newshounds worldwide.
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Extra resources for A History of the International Movement of Journalists: Professionalism Versus Politics
Het Handelsblad van Antwerpen on 10 July under the title ‘Congress of print press’ (columns framed) provided a report of the previous day’s session. Source: Royal Library of Belgium in Brussels. 18 Not surprisingly, World War I disrupted the activities of the IUPA, and the conﬂict was to cast a long shadow over attempts to revive the organization in the 1920s. As one of the founding nations, France led the efforts to resume the activities of the union, but disagreement on the issue of admitting the former Central Powers as members meant that little progress was made, and not until 1927 did the ICP meet again.
Ibid. Bruns (2011) ‘Gatekeeping, Gatewatching, Real-Time Feedback: New Challenges for Journalism’; Lee-Wright (2012) ‘The Return of Hephaestus: Journalists Work Recrafted’; Opgenhaffen, d’Haenens and Corten (2013) ‘Journalistic Tools of the Trade in Flanders’. Drok (2013), p. 147. Ibid. ﬁ/ Anderson, Bell and Shirky (2012) ‘Post-Industrial Journalism: Adapting to the Present’. Lee-Wright (2012), pp. 32–33. Opgenhaffen et al. (2013), p. 129. Davis (2009) Flat Earth News. Frames and Contradictions of the Journalistic Profession 41 105.
For most of the next century journalists worked hard to acquire more autonomy in their work, to organize collective actions and improve working conditions, to set ethical standards in codes of professional conduct and to develop formal education and systematic research in journalism. As an important part of these transformations, journalistic genres developed and made the news article into a speciﬁc type of text, easily recognized by readers. The structure of the news story evolved from a chronological narrative into the ‘inverted pyramid’ with the most important information on top, and further to ‘clickbait’ with an attractive, but not necessarily informative beginning.