By Ernst Cassirer
One of the 20th century’s maximum philosophers offers the result of his lifetime learn of man’s cultural achievements. An Essay on Man is an unique synthesis of latest wisdom, a special interpretation of the highbrow difficulty of our time, and a super vindication of man’s skill to unravel human difficulties through the brave use of his mind.
What the thinkers of the earlier have considered the human race, what might be stated of its paintings, language, and capacities for sturdy and evil within the mild of contemporary wisdom are mentioned through an exceptional thinker who had a profound event of the previous and of his personal time.
“Ernst Cassirer…had a protracted status foreign acceptance in philosophy…. This suggestive quantity now makes to be had the substance of his element of view.” --Irwin Edman, New York usher in Tribune
“The top and such a lot mature expression of his thought.”—Journal of Philosophy
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Extra resources for An essay on man: An introduction to a philosophy of human culture
The additional sophistications that this requires are not relevant to the present discussion, so we will ignore them for now. 39. To accommodate belief in epistemologically basic propositions, we can think of such a proposition in isolation as comprising a one-line argument and take this as the limiting case of an argument supporting a proposition. 1 Defeat of one argument by another To handle defeasibility in a general way, we must recognize that arguments can defeat one another and that a defeated argument can be reinstated if the arguments defeating it are defeated in turn.
The traditional problem of induction is HumeÕs problem, discussed above. Hume took his problem to be that of answering the skeptic Ña task at which he confessed defeat. In light of our earlier discussion of the role of skeptical arguments in contemporary epistemology, we can dismiss the traditional problem in the form given it by Hume. There is neither a need nor the possibility of proving the skeptic wrong. You can Robert Squires (1969). 20 CHAPTER ONE never prove the skeptic wrong because he does not leave you with enough ammunition to undertake such a task.
Obviously, that gives you no reason to believe that all ravens have been observed. Other 24. This view was endorsed and popularized by P. F. Strawson (1952). Pollock defended it in his (1974), but has since rejected it for the reasons described here. Ê Pollock (1984a) has argued that this is indeed the correct explanation for the complexity surrounding inductive reasoning. THE PROBLEMS OF KNOWLEDGE 21 examples can be constructed using disjunctions. Suppose, for example, that you would like to confirm inductively that all moose have whiskers.