By M. W. Eysenck (auth.), Dr. Ian Hindmarch, Dr. Helmut Ott (eds.)
The following papers have been provided at a global workshop on benzo diazepine receptor ligands, reminiscence and data processing, held through the fifteenth CINP assembly in Puerto Rico in December 1986 and organised by means of the editors and T. Roth. This workshop used to be aimed toward reviewing and reflecting on previous event with benzodiazepines, comparing the present country of information of the activities of psychotropic orugs (particularly benzodiazepines, fJ-carbolines and benzodiazepine antagonists), and laying a foundation of curiosity and hypothesis for destiny learn into the capability use of those medicines in problems of reminiscence and data processing. there's a lot released fabric in regards to the theoretical underpinnings of what psychologists name "memory", and possibly there'll be a number of extra libraries jam-packed with theses at the subject ahead of a consensus is reached as regards uncomplicated definitions or maybe significant differences among for instance, "short" and "long"-term reminiscence - each person has his personal specific concept. The qualitative and quantitative range of the several ways may appear to give an insurmountable challenge for the psychologist looking a unified conceptual framework. In perform some of the theories produce a plethora of pragmatic and experimental thoughts for psychopharmacologists and clinicians to take advantage of whilst investigating medicines with putative amnestic or promnestic properties.
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Additional resources for Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligands, Memory and Information Processing: Psychometric, Psychopharmacological and Clinical Issues
The massed vs. spaced indication refers to the condition in sessions 1-5 (from SANDERS and HooGENBOOM 1970) of inefficiency in the massed condition. These lead to a performance loss which counteracts the learning effect. At a higher level of skill, there is less learning but there are also fewer moments of inefficiency due to increasing automatization of performance and probably also due to experience in working uninterruptedly over longer periods of time. Consistent with this interpretation, SANDERS and HOOGENBOOM (1970) found that with massed practice, the highest deciles of the distribution of choice reaction times increased as a function of time on task, while the lowest deciles showed practice effects of a size comparable to those observed with spaced practice.
The role of response-produced feedback vs. initially existing action plans; MARTERNIUK 1986), this general paradigm of motor learning has sufficient basis to qualify for the study of the effects of drugs on motor acquisition and retention. The same can be said of paradigms concerned with tests of short-term motor memory (STMM), the most common of which consists of reproduction of a movement pattern that is demonstrated in advance. The time elapsing between this criterion movement and the recall trial is one of the major variables in this paradigm.
1984a). This effect is quite opposite to the phenomenon of state-dependent memory. A. F. SANDERS and C. H. WAUSCHKUHN 30 Table 2. Tasks used in the reviewed studies (except long-term memory tasks); numbers refer to literature references Hindmarch's drug-sensitive tasks Card sorting Choice reaction time Auditory vigilance Symbol cancellation DSST Mental arithmetic Critical flicker fusion frequency Digit span Tapping Stabilometer Hand steadiness Pegboard Simple reaction time Pursuit rotor Other tasks Symbol copying Tracking Divided attention Sustained attention Spatial rotation Sequence completion 1 FILE and LISTER (1983).