By Whitney Cranshaw, Richard Redak
Insects Rule! offers a full of life advent to the biology and normal heritage of bugs and their noninsect cousins, resembling spiders, scorpions, and centipedes. This richly illustrated textbook gains greater than 830 colour photographs, a concise assessment of the fundamentals of entomology, and diverse sidebars that spotlight and clarify key issues. exact chapters hide all of the significant insect teams, describing their body structure, behaviors, feeding conduct, replica, human interactions, and more.
Ideal for nonscience majors and an individual trying to study extra approximately bugs and their arthropod family, insects Rule! bargains a one of a kind gateway into the realm of those notable creatures.
Places a better emphasis on average heritage than general textbooks at the subject
Covers the biology and typical heritage of all of the insect orders
Provides a radical overview of the noninsect arthropods, corresponding to spiders, scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, and crustaceans
Features greater than 830 colour photos
Highlights the significance of bugs and different arthropods, together with their influence on human society
An on-line representation package deal is on the market to professors
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Extra info for Bugs Rule! An Introduction to the World of Insects
4 Pincers and Clamps 37 whip-scorpions and harvestmen, which show strong modiﬁcations and enhanced freedom of movement of the femur-patella joints (Wolff et al. 2016b). 1 Chelicerae In their ancestral state, the chelicerae are composed of three segments and have a pincer-like appearance (Shultz 1990; Sharma et al. 2012). This conﬁguration is found in harvestmen (Fig. 4a), scorpions, micro whip-scorpions (Palpigradi) and some mites. The chelicerae of harvestmen (Fig. 4a) are strong claspers and important means of holding prey items.
In such cases, a full capture basket could be risky, since the prey is held close to the body. In the araneophagic Palpimanidae, the front legs are modiﬁed into prey capture tools (Fig. 8). The femur is massively enlarged, containing strong muscles, the femur-patella joint can be highly ﬂexed and the pro-lateral sides of tibia, metatarsus and tarsus are covered by a dense scopula, which produces strong friction on the prey cuticle (see Chap. 3) (Pekár et al. 2011). Fig. 6 (continued) B. Eggs, with kind permission), while others, like Cupiennius salei ((d) Ctenidae, photo by B.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(52):20781–20785 Sharma PP, Giribet G (2011) The evolutionary and biogeographic history of the armoured harvestmen–Laniatores phylogeny based on ten molecular markers, with the description of two new families of Opiliones (Arachnida). Invertebr Syst 25(2):106–142 Sharma PP, Wheeler WC (2014) Cross-bracing uncalibrated nodes in molecular dating improves congruence of fossil and molecular age estimates. Front Zool 11:57 Sharma PP, Kaluziak ST, Pérez-Porro AR, González VL, Hormiga G, Wheeler WC, Giribet G (2014) Phylogenomic interrogation of Arachnida reveals systemic conflicts in phylogenetic signal.