By (auth.), Brendon J. Coventry (eds.)
Written via across the world acclaimed experts, Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant surgical procedure provides pertinent and concise approach descriptions spanning benign and malignant difficulties and minimally invasive methods. issues are reviewed whilst acceptable for the organ approach and challenge, making a booklet that's either complete and available. phases of operative techniques with proper technical issues are defined in an simply comprehensible demeanour.
Forming a part of the sequence, Surgery: problems, dangers and Consequences, this quantity Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant surgical procedure provides a important source for all basic surgeons and citizens in education. different healthcare prone also will locate this an invaluable resource.
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Additional resources for Cardio-Thoracic, Vascular, Renal and Transplant Surgery
4. Local wound problems, hematoma, infection, and scarring, are probably the most common complication of the arteriotomy and embolectomy surgery. Nerve problems are rare but can cause chronic pain on occasions. Severe complications are relatively rare but include re-thrombosis/embolism, inability to 20 D. King et al. remove the embolus, and amputation. Bleeding is a risk because all patients require postoperative anticoagulation to prevent further embolization. This risk is further increased when thrombolytic agent infusions are used.
Hernia formation may occasionally result in bowel obstruction and require surgical repair. Nerve injury is rarely severe. Aorto-enteric fistula is a rare but catastrophic late complication, associated with acute melena, hematemesis, and/or severe hypotension. Necrotizing fasciitis is an extremely rare but devastating complication with a high mortality. Renal failure may require dialysis, respiratory failure and ARDS typically require prolonged ventilation, and cardiac failure may require inotropic and even pacemaker support.
Acute ischemia of the distal limb is extremely rare and is usually due to clot or spasm of the artery. It requires immediate exploration. Acute thrombosis of the fistula may be due to poor vessels, anastomotic technique, or hypotension. It should also be explored as soon as possible to try and salvage the fistula. A rare but important complication is acute ischemic neuritis of the median nerve. This may respond to immediate ligation of the fistula. 1–1 % Wound dehiscence 1–5 % Delayed wound healing (including ulceration) 1–5 % Wound scarring (poor cosmesis)a 1–5 % Seroma/lymphocele formation 1–5 % Residual pain/discomfort/neuralgia 1–5 % a Dependent on underlying pathology, anatomy, surgical technique, and preferences b Failure to develop the fistula and acute thrombosis are very operator dependent – this may depend on the patient population, whether only excellent vessels are used or whether attempts are made using less suitable vessels c Virtually all fistulas will be aneurysmal once they have been needled.