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By Castoriadis, Cornelius; Adams, Suzi; Castoriadis, Cornelius

This publication is the 1st systematic reconstruction of Castoriadis' philosophical trajectory. It seriously translates the inner shifts in Castoriadis' ontology via reconsideration of the traditional tricky of 'human establishment' (nomos) and 'nature' (physis), at the one hand, and the query of 'being' and 'creation', at the different. not like the order of physis, the order of nomos performed no immense function within the improvement of western notion: the 1st a part of the booklet means that Castoriadis sought to treatment this together with his elucidation of the social-historical because the area of being elusive to the determinist imaginary of inherited philosophy. This ontological flip was once introduced with the ebook of his magnum opus The Imaginary establishment of Society (first released in 1975) that's reconstructed as Castoriadis' lengthy trip via nomos through 4 interconnected domain names: ontological, epistemological, anthropological, and hermeneutical respectively. due to archival assets, the second one half the e-book reconstructs a moment ontological shift in Castoriadis' inspiration that happened in the course of the Nineteen Eighties. right here it argues that Castoriadis extends his thought of 'ontological production' past the human realm and into nature. This circulate has implications for his total ontology and indications a shift in the direction of a basic ontology of artistic physis. The expanding ontological significance of physis is mentioned additional in chapters on target wisdom, the residing being, and philosophical cosmology. It means that the realm horizon kinds an inescapable interpretative context of cultural articulation - within the double feel of Merleau-Ponty's mise en forme du monde - within which physis may be elucidated because the flooring of threat, in addition to some degree of end result for nomos within the circle of interpretative construction. The e-book contextualizes Castoriadis' concept inside of broader philosophical and sociological traditions. specifically it situates his inspiration inside of French phenomenological currents that take both an ontological and/or a hermeneutical flip. It additionally locations a hermeneutic of modernity - that's, an interpretation that emphasizes the continued discussion among romantic and enlightenment articulations of the area - on the centre of mirrored image. Castoriadis' reactivation of classical Greek resources is reinterpreted as a part of the continued discussion among the ancients and the moderns, and extra generally, as a part of the interpretative box of tensions that includes modernity

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This is especially strong in the 1964–65 section of the IIS but carries into his ontological phase. An interesting example can be found in the very final paragraphs of the 1964–65 section of the IIS (p. 164), for example. Castoriadis posits an ‘‘articulated unity’’ between elucidation and action in a radicalization of Marx’s eleventh thesis, where Marx no longer presents a stark choice between ‘‘interpretation’’ or ‘‘revolutionary action’’ but argues that the real purpose is to ‘‘interpret the world in order to change it’’ (p.

The two are possible only in and through an onset of rupture in social heteronomy and the creation of a new type of being: reflective and deliberative subjectivity. The creation of reflection—of thought—goes hand in hand with the creation of a new type of discourse, philosophical discourse, which embodies unlimited interrogation and itself modifies itself throughout its history (DD p. 370). However, even though Castoriadis links the invention of la philosophie to the project of autonomy, he is far more ambivalent about le philosophique as world interpreting, even though, at an earlier juncture, he seemed to indicate otherwise: ‘‘Man is an unconsciously philosophical animal, who has posited the questions of philosophy in actual fact long before philosophy existed as explicit reflection; and he is a poetic animal, who has provided answers to these questions in the imaginary’’ (IIS p.

8 I say ‘‘rare,’’ as, 26 Nomos ................. 18033$ $CH1 04-15-11 15:51:23 PS PAGE 26 in general, Castoriadis was hostile to the hermeneutic tradition of philosophy. For him ‘‘interpretation’’ sought to give a ‘‘faithful rendering’’ (MSPI) of the truth of the text, which he saw as neither creative nor interrogative. At best, hermeneutics can be situated within le philosophique; it could not ever aspire to la philosophie. ’’10 Castoriadis tends to frame his elucidation of the social-historical as if he were standing ‘‘outside’’ it from some kind of Archimedean point (perhaps in part explicable in light of his self-identification as a revolutionary);11 he does not take into account the currents of interpretative patterns that provide his overarching horizon.

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