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By Klaus Fischer

Nuclear physics among 1921 and 1947 formed greater than the other technological know-how thepolitical panorama of our century and the general public opinion on actual learn. utilizing quantitative scientometric tools, a brand new department within the historical past of technology, the writer specializes in the advancements of nuclear physics in those adolescence paying detailed cognizance to theimpact of German emigrants at the evolution of the sector as a cognitive and social harmony. The publication is predicated on an intensive research of assorted quotation analyses therefore generating effects that are meant to be extra replicable and extra goal. The scientometric recommendations may still supplement the extra qualitative strategy often utilized in ancient writing. This makes the textual content an engaging examine additionally for the historian in general.

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Bradt, living in Switzerland, has done much for the relatively high emigrant proportion in the CEU category. The same applies to Walter Elsasser in the pre-1936 period, before he left France for the United States. Elsasser did not succeed in staying in nuclear physics, notwithstanding the quality of some of the papers written by him on the subject, especially those on the theory of nuclear shell structure. For their elaboration of nuclear shell theory in the early fifties Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and the group of Haxel, Jensen, and Suess were awarded the 1963 Nobel prize.

Rossi, V. Weisskopf. All in all, 34 emigrants made their appearance in the field by being responsible for 198 (co-)authorships. 0% of all emigrant authorships are M. Goldhaber, H. L. Bradt, M. Deutsch und Lise Meitner. The first three did not start their careers before emigration. Isotopic work being a core field in nuclear science, it is not astonishing that the four scientists mentioned are also included within the top group of the discipline at large. The reverse, of course, is not true. Not every top nuclear physicist was active in the forefront of isotopic research.

Haber, F. Dessauer, K. W. Meissner, R. Minkowski, H. Spaner, G. v. Hevesy, E. Marx, G. Jaffe, E. Beth, P. P. Ewald, O. Klemperer, H. Bruck, M. Delbriick, I. Estermann, M. S. Pirani, R. Frisch, K. R. Popper, R. v. Mises, A. Siegert, A. Byk, H. Lessheim, H. Kallmann, R. Samuel, M. Stobbe, G. Plato, M. Strauss. As can be seen from this illustrious list, our omission should not be taken to imply a judgement of scientific excellence. It derives from the purely pragmatic decision to make the table more handsome.

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