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By Henry F. Diaz

Glaciers within the Andes are relatively vital ordinary data of current and prior climatic and environmental alterations, in major half as a result N-S pattern of this topographic barrier and its impression at the atmospheric stream of the southern hemisphere. robust gradients within the seasonality and quantity of precipitation exist among the equator and 30° S. huge ameliorations in volume east and west of the Andean divide additionally take place, in addition to a metamorphosis from tropical summer season precipitation (additionally converted by way of the seasonal shift of the circulate belts) to wintry weather precipitation within the west wind belt (e. g. , Yuille, 1999; Garraud and Aceituno, 2001). The so-called 'dry axis' lies among the tropical and additional­ tropical precipitation regimes (Figure 1). The excessive mountain desolate tract inside of this axis responds so much sensitively to the smallest adjustments in powerful moisture. an immense hydro-meteorological characteristic on a seasonal to inter-annual time-scale is the prevalence of EN SO occasions, which strongly keep watch over the mass stability of glaciers during this sector (e. g. , Wagnon et ai. , 2001; Francou et ai. , in press). The precipitation trend is a crucial issue for the translation of climatic and environmental documents extracted from ice cores, simply because a lot of this knowledge is expounded to stipulations on the genuine time of precipitation, and this can be particularly so for strong isotope files. numerous ice cores have lately been drilled to bedrock during this quarter. From Huascanin (Thompson et ai. , 1995), Sajama (Thompson et ai.

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