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By Justus M. Kroef

Although some time past few years occasional short monographs on se­ lected facets of the Communist circulation in a few components of the Singapore-Malaysian zone were released, a accomplished booklength research has no longer seemed to this point. the current quantity is an preliminary step in that path. it's, frequently, a political survey which has taken account of social and fiscal components basically while the par­ ticular concentration of the booklet demanded it. when you consider that such a lot of what has been written up until eventually now approximately Communism in Singapore and Malaysia has involved itself with the Malayan guerilla insurgency and its numerous ramifications within the past due forties and fifties, the next pages have put fundamental emphasis on occasions within the final 5 years, specially at the interval because the formation of the Federation of Malaysia on Sep­ tember sixteen, 1963. The absence, in addition, ofa formal "above floor" Malaysian Communist celebration this day has of necessity dependent this inquiry when it comes to the operations of assorted transferring Communist fronts and their courting to the issues of the current Singapore and Malaysian political surroundings upon which they feed. Communism in Malaysia at the present time, as Malaysian safeguard officers whom this author interviewed, time and again emphasised, is an issue of scattered eruptions and relatively remoted entrance task with few if any inter-organizational linkages. learn definitely confirms an image of a slightly fragmented circulation. in addition to Malaysia's geographic peculiarities this situation has dictated a quarter via area procedure within the following pages.

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The MDU dissolved itself, and the dissension and confusion in the MCP increased. e. the Zhdanov doctrine of unrelenting hostility between the capitalist and socialist camps in the world. Increasing police surveillance of all MCP and radical activity appeared to make a new tactical "breakthrough" imperative if the Communist movement was to regain the initiative. Such a new tactical directive was in fact not long in coming. The Calcutta Communist youth conference in February, 1948 (also attended by MCP representatives), a watershed in the history of Southeast Asian Communist movements generally, seems to have provided the principal justification for a new period of "war Communism" in Malaya.

Not only in the ranks of organized labor and the unorganized proletariat but also among the volatile student population of the Chinese secondary schools in Singapore and among the younger generation of Chinese generally, Communist influence remained considerable even as, indeed, particularly when, it became clear that the cause of the Communist insurgents in the Malayan jungles was rapidly faltering. With the emergence of new political parties in the wake of the accelerating process toward self-government, additional opportunities presented themselves to the Communists.

At one point in 1956, Tunku Abdul Rahman seemed willing to consider a merger on the basis of Singapore's entrance into the Federation as some kind of subordinate unit. By early 1957, however, when commu1 Lee Kuan Yew, op. , p. 34-36, and The Straits Times,October 16, 1963. SINGAPORE 43 nal riots between Malays and Chinese in Penang had claimed five lives and scores of wounded, he appeared to believe that merger in any form was in fact impossible. Lee and the moderate element of PAP, in this case probably reflecting majority opinion in Singapore, were prepared to go far in meeting Malay fears about the merger.

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