By Kenrick Abbott
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Extra resources for Contemporary Shi'ism as Political Ideology: the views of Sharî'atmadârî, Ṭâliqâni, and Khumaynî
32 Though this sounds like a direct reference to mujtahid rule, as indeed it Îs often JO Âyatullâh M. Tâliqânî, Islam and Ownership, trans. A. Jabbari and F. Rajaee (Lexington: Mazda Publishers, 1983), 65. " AlI future references to Islam and Owné;:;ltzip will be from the work unless •• otherwise noted. 31 Richard, 211. 32 Tâliqânî, Islam and Ownerslzip, 84. ' taken to be33, it does not specifically say as much; its ambiguity leaves the question open to interpretation. Nevertheless other ideas put forward by Tâliqânî regarding the ownership of government are in direct contradiction to this interpretation.
Led to the demise of the National Resistance Movement were evident within the new coalition namely, individu al groups pursuing different interests. e. 1959-1962) Tâliqânî grew farther apart from the rest of the leading religious figures. They, as a group, were opposed to the agrarian and social reforms of the Shâh. Tâliqânî put himself in direct opposition to their position by adopting the National Front's stance of supporting the Shâh's land reforms but condemning royal dictatorship. Tâliqânî attacked the tradition al land holding system in which the 'ulamâ' participated, and argued that, S Abrahamian, 459.
He adhered to the idea that the hudûd (Divine legal punishments) cannot be put into effeet in an imperfeet world since they assume a perfeet society under the rule of the Imâm; who, when he returns. will implement them. Until the coming of al·Mahdi the circumstances of the crime mitigate the punishment; for example, to the question of amputation of the hand for stealing, Sharî'atmadârî said: "In principle that is the law. ,,42 Moreover, 39 M. M. J. : Harvard University Press, 1980), 169. 40 Akhavi, Religion and PoUlies, 169.