By G. Székely, C. Matesz (auth.), E. R. Stennert, G. W. Kreutzberg, O. Michel, M. Jungehülsing (eds.)
The purpose of the VIIth overseas Symposium at the Facial Nerve used to be to create a platform for an intensive trade of data and clinical infor mation among clinicians and uncomplicated examine employees. This target may possibly purely be discovered at the foundation of a typical curiosity within the facial nerve, which unites the interdisciplinary medical efforts of otologists, neurosurgeons, facial plastic surgeons, neurologists, neurophysiologists, and neuroanatomists. for that reason, a gathering of this type is still in its target to switch principles over clinical disciplines which don't come particular jointly basic stipulations. The symposium has been held each 4 years given that 1966. The VIIth sym posium used to be preceded by means of symposia in Stockholm (1966), Osaka (1970), ZUrich (1976), l. a. (1980), Bordeaux (1984) and Rio de Janeiro (1988), and marked a major milestone within the continually constructing wisdom concerning the facial nerve, its body structure, issues, diagnostics and remedy. not like the former conferences this symposium prolonged in vitations to either clinicians and uncomplicated learn staff. greater than 350 scientists from 25 diverse international locations met in Cologne, Germany, in June 1992 and their high-level shows contributed to the overpowering good fortune of this overseas assembly. The symposium happened within the region of the previous cllthedral of Cologne, itself a shiny image of unending efforts to create anything excellent and lasting.
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Extra info for The Facial Nerve: An Update on Clinical and Basic Neuroscience Research
4 Groups of highly atrophic fibers and a few scattered large myofibers, human m. orbicularis oris 13 years after denervation due to head trauma. Modified trichrome stain, x 160 Fig. 5 Group of atrophic muscle fibers (arrow) without precise typability in the m. levator labii of the rat 20 weeks after denervation. Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) tetrazolium reductase, x212 Normal Rodent Facial Muscles Our preliminary studies on the normal levator labii muscle in the rat also showed a population of small, disseminated type I fibers.
S7 Table 1 Survey of functionally important input into the cat facial nucleus Functional system ArealNucleus Ipsilateral Contralateral Projection toHN 1. ) +' + + + +, +" +, +f + + afferents (trigeminal nerve) 2. Reticular fonnation interneurons 3. Pyramidal motor system 4. Extrapyramidal motor system 5. 6. 7. 8. ) +(Opossum) + (+) + Data compiled from [4-7,10-13,18,20,22,24,26,28]. RF, reticular formation; HN, hypoglossal nucleus . • Also via the nucleus reticularis parvocellularis of the medulla and the spinal trigerninal nucleus.
Exp Neurol 66:330-342 27. Tarnai Y, Iwamoto M, Tsujimoto T (1986) Pathway of the blink reflex in the brainstem of the cat: intemeurons between the tri- geminal and the facial nucleus. Brain Res 380: 19-25 28. Vidal P-P, May PJ, Baker R (1988) Synaptic organization of the tectal-facial pathways in the cat. I. Synaptic potentials following collicular stimulation. J Neuropbysiol 60: 769-797 © Springer-Verlag 1994 Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngology (1994) [Suppl]: S IO - S 15 S. Radpour and R. R. Gacek Facial Nerve Fiber Orientation, Linkage Between Central Nervous Organization and Muscular Function Introduction Conflicting descriptions [I - 9] ofthe anatomical organization of the facial nerve motor neurons have bee reconciled recently, through the use of neuroanatomical tracers [10 - 12] in combination with anterograde tracer and axonal degeneration techniques .